Author Biography

Derek Levine is a political science professor at the City University of New York and at New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT). He is author of the book The Dragon Takes Flight, China’s Aviation Policy, Achievements and Implications for the United States and Europe. He has published articles in numerous academic journals, including the Journal of Contemporary China and the American Journal of China Studies. His work can be found in The Wall Street Journal, Financial Times, BBC, The Guardian and MSNBC. Dr. Levine can be contacted at dlevine13@yahoo.com.



Subject Area Keywords

China, Diplomacy, Economics, Espionage, Foreign policy, Globalization and global change, Hegemony, History, International institutions, International relations, International security, National security, Security policy, Strategy


This article addresses how China’s discriminatory trade practices and illicit means of foreign technology acquisition under its Made in China 2025 plan undermine current international trade orders and pose the greatest threat to its existence. Using both primary and secondary data, this article highlights major implications that Made in China 2025 has on free trade, the overall health of the U.S. economy, and U.S. national security. It proposes a multilateral strategy to preserve the current trade system to steer China on track toward honoring its commitment to free trade and identifies how the United States can maintain supremacy throughout the twenty-first century.


Approved for Publication


I want to personally thank the reviewers and the editors who took time to read my article. My research is infinitely better because of their useful comments and suggestions.