The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted the normal functions of schools globally. Online learning is a new concept in Bhutan. Nonetheless, classes have begun using various online learning platforms to continue their operations during the pandemic. This study examined primary school teachers’ perceived information technology knowledge and proficiency. The participants of this study consisted of 124 primary teachers from two western districts of Bhutan. Data were collected using an online survey. The study’s findings suggested that although the majority of participants (98.2%) had access to personal digital devices, slow internet connection and high internet data subscription charges (60.7%) were cited as significant challenges. Findings also revealed that a small percentage of the participants, less than 12 (9.7%) teachers in this study preferred to teach entirely in an online learning environment. The results of multiple linear regression suggested that only technological pedagogical knowledge (TPK) [t = 2.68, p = .008, β = .236] and perceived information technology proficiency of teachers (PITP) [t = 3.55, p = .001, β = .306] were statistically significant predictors of technological knowledge (TK).


COVID-19, digital technology, online learning, school closure, technology integration

ORCID Identifiers

Sonam Dhendup: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4475-6726

Kezang Sherab: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2002-6868



Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License



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