Adaptive Immunity-Driven Inflammation and Cardiovascular Disease

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Adaptive immunity, Atherosclerosis, Eosinphilia, Hypertension, Myocardial infarction

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The adaptive immune response has recently emerged as an important factor in a wide variety of cardiovascular disorders including atherosclerosis, hypertension, cardiac remodeling, and heart failure; however, its role is not fully understood. Since an assortment of innate responsive cells, e.g., neutrophils and monocytes/macrophages, coordinate with adaptive immunity, e.g., T cells, dendritic cells, and B cells, the temporal response and descriptions pertinent to the cellular phenotype and inflammation processes, in general, need additional investigation, clarification, and consensus particularly in cardiovascular disease. This Perspectives article reviews the contributions of 15 articles (including 7 reviews) published in the American Journal of Physiology-Heart and Circulatory Physiology in response to the Call for Papers: Adaptive Immunity in Cardiovascular Disease. Here, we summarize the crucial reported findings at the cardiac, vascular, immune, and molecular levels and discuss the translational feasibility and benefits of future prospective research into the adaptive immune response. Readers are encouraged to evaluate the data and learn from this collection of novel studies.

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Citation / Publisher Attribution

American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology, v. 317, issue 6, p. H1254-H1257