Sensor Orientation of Iranian Broadband Seismic Stations from P‐Wave Particle Motion

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Knowing the orientation of horizontal components of seismic sensors is important for many seismological applications such as waveform modeling, receiver function analysis, and shear‐wave splitting. We determined the sensor orientations for broadband seismic stations belonging to the Iranian National Seismic Network (INSN) and the Iranian Seismological Center (IRSC) to enable such studies. For both networks, we have catalogs of event‐based seismic waveforms of Iranian earthquakes. Sensor orientations were found by P‐wave energy minimization on the transverse component and validated by long‐period waveform modeling of events with well‐constrained source parameters. We obtained stable sensor orientations for 28 (of 29) INSN sites and for 66 (of 92) IRSC sites. About 75% and 59% of all INSN and IRSC orientation estimates, respectively, are oriented within 15° of true north leaving many sites with largely misoriented sensors. We found temporally changing sensor orientations for 36 (of 121) sites.

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Seismological Research Letters, v. 91, issue 3, p. 1660-1671