Dissolved Oxygen and Thermal Regimes of a Ugandan Crater Lake
Anoxic hypolimnion, Heat budget, Hypoxia, Productivity, Stability, Stratification, Volcanic crater lake
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
This paper quantifies the temporal pattern of thermal stratification and deoxygenation in Lake Nkuruba, a small (3 ha), deep (maximum depth = 38 m) crater lake in western Uganda. Dissolved oxygen penetrated to an average depth of 9 m and a maximum depth of 15 m below which the lake was permanently anoxic over the 2 years of study. Although surface oxygen levels were correlated with both surface water temperature and rainfall, seasonal cycles of dissolved oxygen were not well-defined and may have been obscured by the high frequency of short-term fluctuations and by inter-annual variations caused by shifts in rainfall. Surface water temperature averaged 23.3±0.7°C (S.D.) and varied directly with air temperature. Both diurnal changes and top-bottom temperature differentials were small averaging 1.7±0.7 °C and 1.6±0.8°C, respectively. Thermal stability ranged from 101.3 to 499.9 g-cm cm-2 and was positively related to surface water temperature suggesting that this small protected lake responds rapidly to short-term meteorological changes. Because contribution to the annual heat exchange cycle was confined to upper waters, the lake's annual heat budget was low, 1,073.8 cal cm-2 yr-1. However, net primary productivity was relatively high averaging 1.3 g C m-2 d-1. The region where Lake Nkuruba is situated experienced a very strong earthquake (6.2 on the Richter scale) on 4 February, 1994. Subsequently, water levels dropped markedly in the lake, falling 3.14 m over a 5-month period.
Citation / Publisher Attribution
Hydrobiologia, v. 385, issue 1-3, p. 201-211
Scholar Commons Citation
Chapman, Lauran J.; Chapman, Colin A.; Crisman, Thomas L.; and Nordlie, Frank G., "Dissolved Oxygen and Thermal Regimes of a Ugandan Crater Lake" (1998). School of Geosciences Faculty and Staff Publications. 1705.