Using High Spatial Resolution Satellite Imagery for Mapping Powdery Mildew at a Regional Scale

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Powdery mildew, Winter wheat, Spectral angle mapping (SAM), SPOT-6

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Efficient crop protection management requires timely detection of diseases. The rapid development of remote sensing technology provides a possibility of spatial continuous monitoring of crop diseases over a large area. In this study, to monitor powdery mildew in winter wheat in an area where a severe disease infection occurred, the capability of high resolution (6 m) multi-spectral satellite imagery, SPOT-6, in disease mapping was assessed and validated using field survey data. Based on a rigorous feature selection process, five disease sensitive spectral features: green band, red band, normalized difference vegetation index, triangular vegetation index, and atmospherically-resistant vegetation index were selected from a group of candidate spectral features/variables. A spectral correction was processed on the selected features to eliminate possible baseline effect across different regions. Then, the disease mapping method was developed based on a spectral angle mapping technique. By validating against a set of field survey data, an overall mapping accuracy of 78 % and kappa coefficient of 0.55 were achieved. Such a moderate but practically acceptable accuracy suggests that the high resolution multi-spectral satellite image data would be of great potential in crop disease monitoring.

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Precision Agriculture, v. 17, issue 3, p. 332-348