Graduation Year


Document Type




Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.)

Degree Granting Department

Physical Education and Exercise Science

Major Professor

Marcus Kilpatrick, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Nicholas Martinez, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Larry Collins, MPAS

Committee Member

Zachary Zenko, Ph.D.


attitudes, Cardiovascular training, post-exercise, pre-exercise


This study investigated the perceptual and behavioral responses regarding the use of warm-ups and cool-downs in aerobically active adults. There were 79 individuals who volunteered to participate in this study. Respondents were recruited by word of mouth or through social media and the Qualtrics survey link/QR code was on all recruitment materials in order to access the survey. The survey consisted of 47 questions. This study aimed to determine whether age, sex, or exercise location impacted perception or behavior related to warm-up and/or cool- down activities before or after the aerobic training exercise sessions. Primary results indicated the following: 1) age is positively correlated with time warming up (p < 0.018, r.018, r2 = 0.214), 2) males spent more time warming up than females (p < 0.008, d = 0.77), 3) outdoor exercisers spent more time warming up than indoor exercisers (p < 0.043, d = 0.57), 4) outdoor exercisers spent more time on cooling down than did indoor exercisers (p < 0.002, d = 1.04), 5) the level of intensity for warming up was positively correlated (p < 0.012, d = 0.67). These findings indicate that age, sex and exercise location play a role in warm-up and cool-down for aerobic exercise training sessions. The current design and findings are both novel and provide a framework for future research to consider perceptions and behaviors about warm-up and cool-down periods associated with aerobic exercise.

Included in

Kinesiology Commons