Graduation Year


Document Type




Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.)

Degree Granting Department

Mass Communications

Major Professor

Artemio Ramirez, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Roxanne Watson, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Yao Sun, Ph.D.


Framing Theory, Hong Kong media, Mainland media, News framing, American media


As a protest movement that has attracted international attention, the 2019 Hong Kong protest has become the focus of media and public attention due to political issues involving China mainland and Hong Kong. The reporting process and framing of news media for news events is actually a process of selecting and reorganizing related events. The media of different countries also reported the 2019 Hong Kong Protest like this process. However, the reporting frameworks in different media organizations are also completely different because of the differences in the nature, positioning, and political factors of those media. Based on the framing theory, this research selected the New York Times in the United States, the Southern Metropolis Daily in Mainland China, and the Ming Pao in Hong Kong as the research objects to compare and analyze the differences in news reports on 2019 Hong Kong protests. Content analysis is the main research method. According to actual needs, this research divides the tone of the news into four aspects to analyze the structure of protests, protesters and government. The research results show that there are indeed differences in reports between different media in different countries.