Graduation Year


Document Type




Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.)

Degree Granting Department


Major Professor

Tammy D. Allen, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Walter C. Borman, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Michelle H. Miller, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Sandra L. Schneider, Ph.D.


Employee attitudes, Job re-design, Life course, Proactive behaviors


Past research often viewed work-family balance as static and has rarely explored how perceptions may differ across stages of life. This study adopted a family life course developmental theoretical framework to test for mean differences in work-family balance across unique family stage groups. Results indicated that mean work-family balance varied across groups, but not according to the specific patterns that were predicted. In addition, this study proposed that job crafting was a cognitive-behavioral strategy that individuals can use to alter their own levels of work-family balance. Correlational, time-lagged, and change-to-change effects provide initial support for the relationship between job crafting and work-family balance. Little evidence was found to support differences in the effect of change of job crafting on change of work-family balance across family stages, although exploratory analyses that considered family stage and gender groups suggest that the relationship between job crafting and work- family balance may not be uniform across all persons. Overall results suggest that work-family balance differs across family stage and that job crafting is related to work-family balance.

Included in

Psychology Commons