Graduation Year


Document Type




Degree Granting Department


Major Professor

Paul R. Sanberg, Ph.D.

Co-Major Professor

Cheryl L. Kirstein, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Alison E. Willing, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Gary W. Arendash, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Thomas H. Brandon, Ph.D.


Ischemic, Chemoattractants, Stroke, Transplantation, Stem cells


Human umbilical cord blood (HUCB) cells consist of a heterogeneous population of cells, rich in hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells. These cells have been used in the treatment of various nonmalignant and malignant hematopoietic diseases. With in the last few years HUCB cells have been used in pre-clinical animal models of brain and spinal cord injuries, in which functional recovery has been shown. The properties of cord blood cells that could be important in cell transplantation (repair or replacement) of CNS injury or disease are currently being evaluated. The major focus of this study was to determine whether HUCB cells would migrate to ischemic tissue extracts. In addition, factors that may be inducing the cells to migrate were examined by identifying the cytokines or chemokines present in the ischemic tissue extracts. The secondary focus was to establish whether cultured HCUB cells are releasing cytokines and chemokines (in vitro) in response to their environment. The results of these studies showed that HUCB cells migrate to ischemic tissue in a time dependent manner. In which there is a 48 to 72 hour window of opportunity for the delivery of HUCB cells to the ischemic brain. In addition, the cord blood cells were shown to release cytokines that may be aiding in the behavioral recovery seen in the transplantation studies. The results from this study are promising in that the current 3-hour therapeutic window for the treatment of stroke victims, using approved anticoagulant treatment, may be extended with the use of cord blood cell therapy with the peak at 48 hours.