Graduation Year


Document Type




Degree Name

MS in Civil Engineering (M.S.C.E.)

Degree Granting Department


Major Professor

Austin G. Mullins, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Rajan Sen, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Michael J. Stokes, Ph.D.


Bond Strength, Deficient Grout, Oil Injection, Void Volume


Post tensioning bridges is an efficient way of construction where segments of a bridge are strung together using small diameter high strength strands. The steel strands are passed through internal and/or external ducts within the concrete segments, jacked to high levels of stress, anchored using steel wedges, and then filled with a corrosion inhibiting filler. A cementitious material called grout has been widely used for over 50 years as this filler. The Federal Highway Administration design and construction manual provides recommendations in the properly filling techniques to ensure the tendons are full of grout. Despite the level of detail the manual provides, several Florida bridges that used this construction technique have seen severe corrosion related failures due to poor grout quality.

Oil based products have been developed for the express purpose of reducing the corrosion rate in previously grouted tendons. Utilizing the interstitial spaces in the steel strands, low viscosity fluid is pumped through the strand which can also penetrate the surrounding grout and fill unintentional voids. However, by doing so, there is the concern that the bond strength could be compromised and increase the risk of failure.

This study presents the findings of small scale grouted mono-strand tendons which determined the bond effects of defective grout, evaluated the injection capabilities of various penetrants, and determined whether or not the penetrant adversely affects bond after impregnation. No appreciable variation in bond was found.