Graduation Year


Document Type




Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.)

Degree Granting Department


Major Professor

Ping Wang, Ph.D.

Co-Major Professor

Ruiliang Pu, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Joni Downs, Ph.D.


Abundance, Bald cypress tree, Linear Spectral Unmixing, Remote Sensing


Wetlands are the most important and valuable ecosystems on Earth. They are called “kidneys of the Earth”. Vegetation change detection is necessary to understand the condition of a wetland and to support ecosystem sustainable management and utilization. It has been a great challenge to estimate vegetation (including bald cypress trees) coverage of the wetland because it is difficult to access directly. Satellite remote sensing technology can be one important feasible method to map and monitor changes of wetland forest vegetation and land cover over large areas. Remote sensing mapping techniques have been applied to detect and map vegetation changes in wetlands. To address spectral mixture issues associated with moderate resolution remote sensing images, many spectral mixture methods have been developed and applied to unmix the mixed pixels in order to accurately map endmembers (e.g., different land cover types and different materials within pixels) fractions or abundance. Of them, Mixture Tuned Matched Filtering (MTMF) is an advanced spectral unmixing method that has attracted many researchers to test it for mapping land cover types including mapping tree species with medium or coarse remote sensing image data. MTMF is a partial unmixing method that suppresses background noise and estimates the subpixel abundance of a single target material. In this study, to understand impacts of anthropogenic (e.g., urbanization) and natural forces/climate change on the bald cypress tree dynamic change, the bald cypress trees cover change in University of South Florida Forest Preserve Area was mapped and analysed by using MTMF tool and multitemporal Landsat imagery over 30 years from 1984 to 2015. To evaluate the MTMF’s performance, a tradition spectral unmixing method, Linear Spectral Unmixing (LSU), was also tested. The experimental results indicate that (1) the bald cypress tree cover percentage in the study area has generally increased during the 30 years from 1984 to 2015, but over the time period from 1994 to 2005, the bald cypress tree cover percentage reduced; (2) MTMF tool outperformed the LSU method in mapping the change of the bald cypress trees over the 30 years to demonstrate its powerful capability; and (3) there potentially exists an impact of human activities on the change of the bald cypress trees although a further quantitative analysis is needed in the future research.

Included in

Geology Commons