Graduation Year


Document Type




Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.)

Degree Granting Department

Child and Family Studies

Major Professor

Kimberly Crosland, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Raymond Miltenberger, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Andrew Samaha, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Jessica Moore, M.A.


Audio Feedback, Cycling, In-vivo


Many behavioral interventions have attempted to increase sports performance. These interventions include: goal setting and feedback, behavioral coaching, and acoustical guidance. The use of technological devices in all areas of life continues to steadily increase. Therefore, behavioral interventions should also adapt to meet these changes in technology. One such intervention is in-vivo audio feedback in which participants receive live feedback about their current performance while practicing the skill. In-vivo audio feedback has not yet been rigorously evaluated as a means of improving sports performance. This study used a multiple baseline across participants design to evaluate the effects of in-vivo audio feedback on cycling performance. Results from this study suggest that in-vivo audio feedback was an effective method for improving cycling performance for individuals wishing to increase their average cycling speed.