Graduation Year


Document Type




Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)

Degree Granting Department

Child and Family Studies

Major Professor

Kwang-Sun C. Blair, Ph.D., BCBA-D

Committee Member

Raymond Miltenberger, Ph.D., BCBA-D

Committee Member

Sharon Hodges, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Ying Zhu, Ph.D.


manualized intervention, dance, teacher training, feasibility study, behavioral coaching


This study evaluated the POINTE Program, a manualized behavioral intervention designed for use by dance instructors to improve student dance performance using behavioral coaching procedures. This study consisted of three phases. Phase 1 was a formative evaluation of the POINTE Program, which assessed the technical adequacy of the manual. Feedback from 3 experts in Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) and 4 dance instructors were used to improve the manual content in this phase. Overall, the experts and instructors viewed the POINTE Program as providing accurate information on the basic ABA backgrounds and suggesting behavioral coaching procedures appropriate for use in a training context to address the needs of dance students although certain terms and procedures needed clarification, and minimizing ABA terms and creating videos were required based on their feedback before conducting Phase 2 evaluation. In Phase 2, the feasibility of the POINTE Program was examined with 4 instructors and their 4 students using a multiple-baseline design and structured individual interviews. The results indicated the dance instructors could assess their target student’s skills, select and implement a coaching procedure with fidelity, and monitor student progress without much difficulty. They suggested the provision of consultation in the form of performance feedback, addition of session scripts, and clarification over certain aspects of the coaching procedures following their use of the program. In the final phase, the potential efficacy of the refined POINTE Program was examined using a multiple-baseline design with 4 instructors and their 4 students, which demonstrated that dance instructors could successfully implement behavioral coaching procedures with a minimal feedback support through the use of POINTE Program components, demonstrating the feasibility and potential efficacy of the use of the POINTE Program by dance instructors to enhance student dance performance.