Graduation Year


Document Type




Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.)

Degree Granting Department


Major Professor

Nancy White, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Brent R. Weisman, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Sarah Taylor, Ph.D.


Silver River, Oklawaha River, archaeological survey, persistent place


An archaeological survey was conducted of the Silver Springs State Park in Ocala, Florida, between August 2014 and December 2015. The project goals were to relocate and assess the previously recorded archaeological sites in the park and attempt to discover new sites. Background research, archaeological fieldwork including surface collection, shovel testing, and informant interview were conducted with this aim. Each site is described and addressed, and most were relocated; twelve new resources were added to the inventory. The Silver Springs and Silver River watershed have been occupied from the Paleo-Indian period at least 13,000 years ago through the twentieth century. Sites from each time period are discussed to detail how use of the landscape developed through time but still remained a persistently occupied place with important, albeit changing roles. Finally, management and research recommendations are provided to assist the state park staff and future archaeologists working in the area.