Degree Granting Department
Paul B. Jacobsen
anxiety disorders, concealment, mood disorders, psycho-oncology, thoracic oncology
Most cases of lung cancer have a commonly-understood behavioral etiology. Thus, individuals with lung cancer are often blamed for their illness by others and may therefore seek to avoid this blame by concealing their diagnosis from others. This study sought to determine the prevalence of diagnosis concealment, examine potential predictors of concealment, and test parts of a cognitive-affective-behavioral model of the effects of concealing a concealable stigma among individuals receiving treatment for lung cancer. With regard to predictors of concealment, it was hypothesized that concealment would be positively associated with male gender, introversion, and trait social anxiety and would be negatively associated with social support and the use of seeking guidance and support as a coping strategy. Hypothesized correlates of concealment included poorer self-esteem as well as greater anxiety, cancer-specific distress, and social avoidance. A sample of 117 participants receiving chemotherapy or radiation for stage I-IV non-small cell lung cancer and limited to extensive stage small cell lung cancer was recruited during routine outpatient visits. A medical chart review was conducted to assess clinical factors and participants completed a standard demographic questionnaire as well as measures of coping strategies, introversion, trait social anxiety, social avoidance, social support, anxiety, depression, cancer-specific distress, self-esteem, perceived stigma, public self-consciousness, and private self-consciousness. Results indicated that 31% of participants concealed their diagnosis from others since their diagnosis and 26% concealed their diagnosis in the month preceding their participation in the study. Hypotheses regarding predictors and correlates of concealment were not supported. However, exploratory analyses identified use of alcohol, recency of a recurrence of lung cancer, use of positive reappraisal as a coping strategy, and social support as predictors of concealment as well as internalized shame as a correlate of concealment. These findings serve to extend existing literature on concealing a concealable stigma and support parts of an existing model on the effects of concealment. Future research should aim to test the impacts of concealment in the context of certain social situations to examine longitudinal relationships between predictors and consequences of concealment.
Scholar Commons Citation
Gonzalez, Brian David, "Prevalence, Predictors, and Correlates of Patient Concealment of a Lung Cancer Diagnosis" (2013). USF Tampa Graduate Theses and Dissertations.