## USF Tampa Graduate Theses and Dissertations

2012

Dissertation

Ph.D.

#### Degree Granting Department

Mathematics and Statistics

Natasha Jonoska

#### Keywords

Height sequence, Loop saturated assembly graphs, Middle additive operation, Realization graphs, Strongly-irreducible assembly words

#### Abstract

Spatial graphs with 4–valent rigid vertices and two single valent endpoints, called assembly graphs, model DNA recombination processes that appear in certain species of ciliates. Recombined genes are modeled by certain types of paths in an assembly graph that make a ”oper pendicular ” turn at each 4–valent vertex of the graph called polygonal paths. The assembly number of an assembly graph is the minimum number of polygonal paths that visit each vertex exactly once. In particular, an assembly graph is called realizable if the graph has a Hamiltonian polygonal path.

An assembly graph ɣ^ obtained from a given assembly graph γ by substituting every edge of γ by a loop is called a loop-saturated graph. We show that a loop- saturated graph ɣ^ has an assembly number a unit larger than the size of ɣ. For a positive integer n, the minimum realization number for n is defined by Rmin(n) = min{|ɣ| : An(ɣ) = n}, where |γ| is the number of 4-valent vertices in γ. A graph γ that gives the minimum for Rmin(n) is called a realization of assembly number n. We denote by Rmin(n) the set of realization graphs for n. We prove that loop-saturated graphs with assembly number nachieve the upper bound of Rmin(n). If a simple assembly graph γ has no loops then γ is not in Rmin(n).