Graduation Year


Document Type




Degree Granting Department

Applied Behavior Analysis

Major Professor

Raymond Miltenberger, Ph.D.

Co-Major Professor

Timothy Weil, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Kwang-Sun Blair, Ph.D.


Staff management, Reactivity, Confederates, Positive interaction, MotivAider


Staff management research in group home settings has involved direct observation of staff performance during pre-treatment and treatment conditions. Collecting accurate research data is crucial to analyze treatment effects; however, reactivity to being observed has been cited as a limitation in several studies. The current study evaluated the use of a tactile prompt, self-monitoring, and feedback to increase positive interaction in a group home setting. Direct support professional staff were trained on the purpose and use of the MotivAider which provided tactile prompts to remind them to engage in positive client interaction. Reactivity was assessed by having a confederate observe staff positive interaction when the supervisor was present and when the supervisor was absent. The effects of supervisor presence were evaluated using an alternating treatment within a multiple baseline across participants' research design. Results showed that 2 of 4 participants increased positive interactions only when a supervisor was present and 2 other participants increased positive interaction only after receiving feedback.