Graduation Year


Document Type




Degree Granting Department

Psychological and Social Foundations

Major Professor

Harold Keller, Ph.D.

Co-Major Professor

Lisa M. Lopez, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Robert Dedrick, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Rance Harbor, Ph.D.


Hispanic, Latino, bilingual, cultural competence, early education


This study explored the underlying factors involved in the Language and Culture Questionnaire (LCQ), a measure of lead pre-kindergarten and kindergarten teachers' (n = 119) beliefs and best practices for working with dual language learners (DLLs). The LCQ was found to have suboptimal reliability and all results herein should be interpreted with caution. The exploratory factor analyses suggested the LCQ weakly captures two factors, beliefs and practices. Frequencies of teachers holding the appropriate beliefs and implementing best practices were reviewed. The beliefs and practices scores exhibited a degree of relationship between each other. Finally, multiple regression designs were utilized to reveal what teachers demographic characteristics (e.g., years teaching DLLs, level of education) were related to greater scores on the LCQ.