Graduation Year


Document Type




Degree Granting Department


Major Professor

Michael Branncik, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Michael Coovert, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Doug Rohrer, Ph.D.


Performance, Replication, Training, Assessment, Reliability, Validity


Job or task simulations are used in training when the use of the real task is dangerous or expensive, such as flying aircraft or surgery. This study focused on comparing two types of simulations used in assessments during a Clinical Performance Examination of third-year medical students: computer enhanced mannequins and standardized patients. Each type of simulation has advantages, but little empirical work exists to guide the use of different types of simulation for training and evaluating different aspects of performance. This study analyzed performance scores for different competencies as well as the reliability and validity of the different simulation types. The results showed that though neither simulator was generally superior to the other, the mannequin performed surprisingly well on interpersonal tasks such as communication and history taking.