Inflammation, Adiposity, and Progression of Arterial Stiffness in Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes: The SEARCH CVD Study

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Type 1 diabetes mellitus, Inflammation, Pulse wave analysis, Waist circumference, Arterial stiffness, Fibrinogen

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Aims: We examined the association between inflammation and progression of arterial stiffness in a population of youth with type 1 diabetes (T1D).

Methods: A total of 287 youth with T1D (median age 13 years) from SEARCH CVD, an ancillary study to the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth, were included. Markers of inflammation (CRP, IL-6, fibrinogen, leptin, and adiponectin) and measures of pulse wave velocity (PWV) of the arm (PWV-R), trunk (PWV-T), and lower extremity (PWV-LE) were measured at baseline. Measures of PWV were repeated approximately five years later.

Results: PWV-R (0.50 m/s), PWV-T (0.65 m/s), and PWV-LE (1.0 m/s) significantly increased over the follow-up (p < 0.001 for each). A significant interaction was found between waist circumference and fibrinogen (p = 0.036) on the progression of PWV-T, suggesting that fibrinogen is more strongly associated with PWV progression in lean participants.

Conclusions: Improved understanding of adiposity, inflammation, and functional changes in the vascular system in patients with T1D is crucial.

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Citation / Publisher Attribution

Journal of Diabetes and its Complications, v. 32, issue 11, p. 995-999