Document Type


Publication Date



Middle-income Asian countries, non-communicable disease, NCDs, elderly patients, primary health care, health services, diabetes, stroke

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)


This paper explores whether middle-income Asian countries are reorienting their health services in response to non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Malaysia, Sri Lanka, and Thailand were selected as case studies of Asian societies experiencing rapid increases both in NCDs and an aging population. While NCD programs, especially those related to diabetes and stroke, are well-established in Thailand, health services struggle to respond to increasing numbers of people with chronic health problems. Health services at all levels must plan ahead for more patients with chronic and often multiple conditions who require better integrated health care.

Rights Information

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Was this content written or created while at USF?


Citation / Publisher Attribution

Health Systems & Reform, v. 3, issue 3, p. 171-181