Design of Fluidic Self-Assembly Bonds for Precise Component Positioning

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date



Accuracy, Capillary forces, Force closure, Preload force, Self assembly

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)



Self Assembly is a promising alternative to conventional pick and place robotic assembly of micro components. Its benefits include parallel integration of parts with low equipment costs. Various approaches to self assembly have been demonstrated, yet demanding applications like assembly of micro-optical devices require increased positioning accuracy. This paper proposes a new method for design of self assembly bonds that addresses this need. Current methods have zero force at the desired assembly position and low stiffness. This allows small disturbance forces to create significant positioning errors. The proposed method uses a substrate assembly feature to provide a high accuracy alignment guide to the part. The capillary bond region of the part and substrate are then modified to create a non-zero positioning force to maintain the part in the desired assembly position. Capillary force models show that this force aligns the part to the substrate assembly feature and reduces sensitivity of part position to process variation. Thus, the new configuration can substantially improve positioning accuracy of capillary self-assembly. This will result in a dramatic decrease in positioning errors in the micro parts. Various binding site designs are analyzed and guidelines are proposed for the design of an effective assembly bond using this new approach.

Was this content written or created while at USF?


Citation / Publisher Attribution

Proc. SPIE 6899, Photonics Packaging, Integration, and Interconnects VIII, v. 6899, art. 68990A