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lane-changing interval selection, lane-changing rate, quadruple left-turn lanes, traffic capacity, traffic safety

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Quadruple left-turn lanes are employed gradually at some major intersections in Jilin, China. At these intersections, frequent lane changes during left turns of vehicles can lead to vastly disordered traffic operations. In this study, the factors contributing to lane changes during left turn behaviors at quadruple left-turn lane intersections were interpreted based on a field survey. In total, data on 192 green intervals and 550 individual lane-change behaviors were collected in Changchun, Jilin Province. A lane-changing rate model was established to predict the rate of lane changes during left turns. In addition, an interval selection model was built to estimate the probability of lane changes during left turn (from inside to outside only) for an individual vehicle using logistic regression. The two models provide insights to assess the traffic conditions of quadruple left-turn lane at intersections. The results of this study suggest that weaving distance, initial lane, traffic flow rate, and percentage of large vehicles significantly contribute to lane changes during left turn. Based on the identified factors, safety countermeasures to reduce lane changes during left turn behaviors are proposed.

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Advances in Mechanical Engineering, v. 9, issue 5, art. 62