Perceptions of Emotional and Physical Wellness Among African American Men as Predictors of Perceived Overall Health

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Emotional health, emotional wellness, mental health, physical health, African American men, overall health, overall wellness

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African American are at risk for adverse emotional health. However, due to the intersection of their racial and gender identities which heightens their masculinity, emotional wellness is not always considered a priority by and for these men. This study aimed to examine African American men's emotional and physical health in relation to their overall health. An exploratory cross-sectional study was conducted to examine self-reported responses regarding emotional and physical health as predictors of overall wellness among a convenience sample of 115 African American men. The Wellness Self-Perception Questionnaire (WSPQ), a 15-item scale, was used to assess emotional and physical wellness. Overall health was assessed by a single item. Of the 115 study participants, the majority reported a positive perception of their overall health. Linear regression analyses revealed that both reported emotional wellness and physical wellness predicted better overall wellness, even when controlling for men's education and income. A review of the literature indicates this is the first study to assess emotional and physical wellness as predictors of overall health for African American men. Since African American men tend to utilize physical health services even for mental health concerns, implications for physicians are also discussed.

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Citation / Publisher Attribution

Ethnicity & Health, v. 26, issue 4, p. 600-613