Acculturation and Depressive Symptoms Among Mexican American Elders New to the Caregiving Role: Results From the Hispanic-EPESE

Document Type


Publication Date



Mexican American elders, caregiving, acculturation, depressive symptoms, Hispanic-EPESE

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)


Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify characteristics associated with becoming a caregiver among Mexican American (MA) elders and to examine predictors of depressive symptoms among the new caregivers 2 years later.

Method: Drawn from the Hispanic Established Populations for Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly (H-EPESE), 152 MA recent caregivers and 2,023 other MAs were compared. Residualized change regression analysis was conducted.

Results: At baseline, MAs who had recently become caregivers exhibited a significantly greater number of depressive symptoms compared to those who had not. Controlling for background characteristics, physical health, social support, and baseline depressive symptoms, regression analysis revealed that 2 years later higher acculturation was related to a greater number of depressive symptoms among those who at baseline were new caregivers.

Discussion: Better knowledge of the within-group differences among MA elderly caregivers, especially with respect to acculturation, may better inform interventions for this at-risk group.

Was this content written or created while at USF?


Citation / Publisher Attribution

Journal of Aging and Health, v. 23, issue 3, p. 417-432