Identification of a Novel Lipopolysaccharide-Inducible Gene with Key Features of Both A Kinase Anchor Proteins and Chs1/beige Proteins

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Mutations in chs1/beige result in a deficiency in intracellular transport of vesicles that leads to a generalized immunodeficiency in mice and humans. The function of NK cells, CTL, and granulocytes is impaired by these mutations, indicating that polarized trafficking of vesicles is controlled by CHS1/beige proteins. However, a molecular explanation for this defect has not been identified. Here we describe a novel gene with orthologues in mice, humans, and flies that contains key features of both chs1/beige and A kinase anchor genes. We designate this novel gene lba for LPS-responsive, beige-like anchor gene. Expression of lba is induced after LPS stimulation of B cells and macrophages. In addition, lba is expressed in many other tissues in the body and has three distinct mRNA isoforms that are differentially expressed in various tissues. Strikingly, LBA-green-fluorescent protein (GFP) fusion proteins are localized to vesicles after LPS stimulation. Confocal microscopy indicates this protein is colocalized with the trans-Golgi complex and some lysosomes. Further analysis by immunoelectron microscopy demonstrates that LBA-GFP fusion protein can localize to endoplasmic reticulum, plasma membrane, and endocytosis vesicles in addition to the trans-Golgi complex and lysosomes. We hypothesize that LBA/CHS1/BG proteins function in polarized vesicle trafficking by guiding intracellular vesicles to activated receptor complexes and thus facilitate polarized secretion and/or membrane deposition of immune effector molecules.

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The Journal of Immunology, v. 166, issue 7, p. 4586-4595