Almost every building in the United States has a HVAC (Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) system that relies on balancing Velocity Pressure and calculated CFM to properly control the atmosphere in a building. This is ensured and tested by Field Engineers whose job it is to maintain the efficiency and proper output of these HVAC systems. These systems are used to improve indoor air quality, control moisture and condensation, and contaminants while satisfying comfort needs of occupants. Just with any mechanical system, HVAC systems function efficiently with multiple formulas derived from calculus and physics. Every building is equipped with a system that needs to meet a certain threshold of air movement, measured in Cubic Feet per Minute (CFM), that creates a stable and comfortable indoor atmosphere by testing and balancing these systems with Velocity Pressure. Velocity Pressure is the base reading it takes to understand and adjust air movement within a HVAC system to guarantee the overall best quality of an indoor air environment. Once a measurement of Velocity Pressure, measured in inches of water column (in-WC) using a tool called a Flow Hood or Straight Pitot Tube, is taken then you can start to calculate flow readings and test if a fan is producing the correct amount of CFM that the system was built to produce and support. This testing is done by using a series of calculus and algebraic equations that takes area and velocity into consideration. When solving these formulas, it can then be determined if a HVAC system and its fans are producing the ideal amount of airflow and air quality to accurately produce the precise environment for any building.
"Converting Velocity Pressure into Cubic Feet per Minute (CFM),"
Undergraduate Journal of Mathematical Modeling: One + Two:
2, Article 6.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5038/2326-36220.127.116.1148 Available at: https://digitalcommons.usf.edu/ujmm/vol12/iss2/6
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Arcadii Grinshpan, Mathematics and Statistics
Stephen Tassinaro, National TAB, Cincinnati, OH
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