Twenty-one years ago, The IWAR Range paper published by CCSC described nascent information assurance (now cybersecurity) education programs and the inspiration and details for constructing cyber ranges and facilitating cyber exercises. This paper updates the previously published work by highlighting the dramatic evolution of the cyber curricula, exercise networks and ranges, influences, and environments over the past twenty years.
 In 2014, DoD adopted “cybersecurity” instead of “information assurance.” [34:1]
Schafer, Joseph H.; Morrell, Chris; and Blaine, Ray
"The IWAR Range + 21 Years: Cyber Defense Education in 2022,"
Military Cyber Affairs: Vol. 5
, Article 4.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.usf.edu/mca/vol5/iss1/4