Author Biography

Dr. John P. Sullivan retired as a lieutenant with the Los Angeles Sheriff’s Department. He is an Instructor in the Safe Communities Institute, University of Southern California. He has a PhD from the Open University of Catalonia, an MA from the New School for Social Research, and a BA from the College of William and Mary. He received a lifetime achievement award from the National Fusion Center Association in November 2018 for his contributions to the national network of fusion centers.

Dr. Genevieve Lester is the De Serio Chair of Strategic Intelligence at the US Army War College. Previously she was an assistant professor in the National Defense University’s Joint Special Operations Master of Arts program. She holds a PhD and MA in Political Science from the University of California, Berkeley, an MA in International Economics/International Law and Organizations from the Johns Hopkins University, School of Advanced International Studies, and a BA in history from Carleton College.



Subject Area Keywords

Counterterrorism, Homeland security, Information operations, Intelligence analysis, Intelligence collection, Intelligence studies/education, National security


This article looks at the evolution of US domestic intelligence prior to and since 9/11 in light of the Capitol attacks. It also reviews the literature and practice of intelligence reform in the context of foreign comparative experience (France, UK, Canada, Australia). It looks at the promise of fusion centers, cocontemporay domestic intelligence models, and the continuing need for domestic intelligence reform.

Additional Keywords: Domestic Intelligence, Intelligence Reform, Intelligence Fusion


The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of the United States Government, the Department of Defense or any of its components, or US armed service, intelligence agency, law enforcement agency, state or local government, or any academic institution.