On Madagascar the most representative occurrences of tsingy are at Ankarana and Bemaraha. The tsingy are built up of giant grikes developed along cracks as well as karren features of much smaller size which cover the surfaces between grikes. We investigated the Bemaraha tsingy of Madagascar (surveyed profiles, measured grike directions, etc.) in order to reconstruct their development. The observations indicate that the majority of grikes of the tsingy are created from caves formed under the karst water table and subsequently opened up to the surface. The predominant processes may have been downward progressing dissolution or the collapse of cave roofs.
Veress, Márton; Dénes Lóczy; Zoltán Zentai; Gábor Tóth; and Roland Schläffer.
The origin of the Bemaraha tsingy (Madagascar).
International Journal of Speleology,
Available at: https://digitalcommons.usf.edu/ijs/vol37/iss2/6