The present note calls into question the opinion of different authors concerning the presence or lack of adult Niphargus near the phreatic table (superior layer of phreatic water) in zones prospected by Karaman-Chappuis method. Our investigations have proved the reason for which Niphargus adults were less frequent in the superior layer of the phreatic water is rather concerned with our investigation means - which are very approximate - than with the ecological or ethological requirements of these animals. The assertion that the phreatic fauna performs downward migrations during the floods must be considered as doubtful. During floods it is impossible to dig into the alluvial deposits immediately near the stream, these being completely flooded; so, we are obliged to dig in regions more distant from the riverside, which are not flooded. It is well known that in this zone the biocoenosis contains always a greater number of phreatobius elements. One of the authors (C. Motas) introduce the terms: rithrobios - for the fauna inhabiting the epigean streams, phreatobios - for that inhabiting the phreatic water, and geobios - for the terrestrial world.
Motas, Constantin and Eugène Serban.
Recherches phréatobiologiques II: La capture des Niphargus adultes par le procéde des sondages Karaman-Chappuis. Les crues et la biocenose de la nappe phréatique.
International Journal of Speleology,
Available at: https://digitalcommons.usf.edu/ijs/vol1/iss3/6