C02F 1/281, C02F 1/42, C02F 2001/425, C02F 2101/16, B01J 20/16, B01J 20/165, B01J 20/3071, B01J 39/02, B01J 39/14, B01J 49/60, A01K 63/04, A01K 63/045
An ammonia adsorption product is described which may be used for fresh caught fish and bait. The product may comprise functionalized tectosilicate compound and a buffer. High concentrations of ammonia produced by fish waste can be lethal, even though oxygen availability is rich enough to keep fish breathing. The product is a user-friendly, sustainable, affordable product which is able to extend the life of the fish by safely removing ammonia by an ion-exchange mechanism. This product can convert toxic ammonia into ammonium and uptake ammonium by releasing sodium ions in the water.
Alcantar, Norma A.; Zhao, Wen; and Ergas, Sarina Joy, "Ammonia removal in freshwater and saltwater systems" (2019). USF Patents. 968.
University of South Florida