In some embodiments, an antenna includes a dielectric substrate having a first surface and a second surface opposite to the first surface, a planar central antenna element provided on the first surface, and a planar electromagnetic bandgap structure provided on the first surface and surrounding the central antenna element.
Grady, Michael Dante and Weller, Thomas McCrea, "On-body, inward-facing antennas" (2020). USF Patents. 1131.
University of South Florida