An eggshell catalyst useful for a Fischer-Tropsch (FT) synthesis or other reactions comprises a homogeneously dispersed transition metal and a promoter situated in an active phase in a precisely selected outer region of a catalyst pellet. The active phase region is controlled to a specific depth, which permits the control of the catalysts selectivity, for example, the size of the hydrocarbon chains formed in the FT process. A method of preparing these eggshell catalysts involves a non-aqueous synthesis where polar and non-polar solvents of relatively low vapor pressure are employed to define the depth of penetration of metal species in a refractory oxide substrate, which is followed by fixing and activating metallic catalytic species in the structure by calcination of the catalyst particles.
Wolan, John T. and Gardezi, Ali Syed, "Eggshell catalyst and methods of its preparation" (2014). USF Patents. 109.
University of South Florida