Refugees, Asylum Seekers and Education for Citizenship and Social Justice

Document Type

Book Chapter

Publication Date



Asylum Seeker, Bilingual Instruction, Citizenship Education, Child Soldier, Refugee Status


Although the concept of the refugee – one fleeing from a homeland to another country for safety – has been around for centuries, only since the end of World War II has there been a definition generally accepted by the international community, enshrined in the 1951 Geneva Convention Related to the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol. This chapter will provide a brief historical overview of refugee flight from World War II to the present, definitions of refugees and asylum seekers, and an examination of several resettlement countries’ practices concerning education for refugees and asylum seekers. The author will conclude by considering elements of social justice and citizenship education as they relate to refugees and asylum seekers.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)


Citation / Publisher Attribution

Refugees, Asylum Seekers and Education for Citizenship and Social Justice, in A. Peterson, R. Hattam, M. Zembylas & J. Arthur (Eds.), The Palgrave International Handbook of Education for Citizenship and Social Justice, Springer, p. 143-161

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