Literary Pan-Africanism in Caribbean literature

Document Type

Book Chapter

Publication Date


Digital Object Identifier (DOI)



The global Pan-African consciousness of Africans in the Caribbean was forged in the belly of the slave ships. The bond was formed from their awareness of a common horrid circumstance, and the solidarity that must persist in order to bear and surpass their new situation. The continental Pan-African vista of the 1900s sought to politically unify Africa, after the European conquest and their arrogated division of Africa during the Berlin Conference. This chapter focuses on the illustrations of Pan-African praxis in Afro-Caribbean Literature. It describes the migration and exchanges of ideas within the Caribbean and, inescapably, to and from the region. The chapter is worth noting that within the framework of both post-Transatlantic Slave Trade and post Berlin Conference, the ideological predecessor of the 1900’s Pan-African movement is the Caribbean-born Edward Wilmot Blyden. By 1925, with the emergence of the Mouvement Indigéniste, Haiti entered its next phase of literary maturation into Haitian and, by extension, Caribbean literature.

Was this content written or created while at USF?


Citation / Publisher Attribution

Literary Pan-Africanism in Caribbean literature, in R. Rabaka (Ed.), Routledge Handbook of Pan-Africanism, Routledge, p. 418-432