Eating Beyond Satiety and Body Mass Index

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Eating beyond satiety, body mass index, ethnicity, eating behaviors, cue reactivity, eating expectancies

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Objective: To examine discrete eating behaviours as predictors of body mass and psychological processes through which these behaviours might lead to increased body mass. Method: Three hundred and twenty-nine undergraduate females filled out questionnaires on eating beyond satiety (EBS), snacking, night eating, and hunger as well as the process variables — eating expectancies and self-reported cue reactivity — in an online study. The eating behaviours were regressed on body mass index and mediation analyses were conducted for the process variables. Results: EBS was the strongest predictor of body mass when the other eating behaviours were controlled. The process variables did not mediate the relationship between EBS and body mass. Discussion: EBS may be a discrete variable on which to intervene to prevent and treat overweight and obesity. Further research is needed to elucidate the situational and affective antecedents of EBS.

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Eating and Weight Disorders, v. 13, issue 3, p. 119-128