5-HT1A, 5-HT1B and 5-HT2 Receptor Agonists Induce Differential Behavioral Responses in Preweanling Rat Pups

Document Type


Publication Date



8-OH-DPAT (8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin), IpsapironemCPP (1-(3-chlorophenyl)piperazine), DOI(1-(2, 5-dimethoxy-4-iodo-phenyl)-2-aminopropane), 5-HT receptor subtypes, Mouthing

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)



Preweanling (postnatal day 17–18) Sprague-Dawley rat pups were tested in both the absence and presence of milk following administration of various doses of the 5-HT1A agonists 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin (8-OH-DPAT) or ipsapirone, the 5-HT1B agonist 1-(3-chlorophenyl)piperazine (mCPP) or the 5-HT2 agonist 1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4- iodo-phenyl)-2-aminopropane (DOI). 8-OH-DPAT decreased mouthing while ipsapirone, mCPP and DOI had no effect upon this behavior. However, all four agonists significantly decreased grooming. Both 8-OH-DPAT and mCPP produced alterations in limb positioning, with 8-OH-DPAT administration resulting in a poor control of the hindlimbs and mCPP inducing a hindlimb straddle position. These functional responses to 5-HT1A, 5-HT1B and 5-HT2 agonists in preweanling pups vary from those observed previously in neonates. For instances, whereas inhibitory effects of 5-HT1A stimulation on mouthing are observed in both neonatal and preweanling pups, facilitory effects of 5-HT1B and 5-HT2 stimulation are only seen in neonates. These ontogenetic alterations may be related to the previously reported ontogenetic reversal in the effect of serotonergic activation upon mouthing and suckling that occurs during the neonatal to weanling age period.

Was this content written or created while at USF?


Citation / Publisher Attribution

European Journal of Pharmacology, v. 182, issue 1, p. 9-17