Work/Family Benefits: Variables Related to Employees' Fairness Perceptions

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Work benefits, Work arrangements

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This study investigated relations between several individual (parental status and gender) and situational (organization size, task interdependence, and productivity maintenance) variables with perceptions of the fairness of work/family benefits. Benefit availability, personal use, and coworker use along with age and race were included as control variables. A total of 283 employees from a variety of organizations participated. Results indicated that age, race, personal use of flexible work arrangements, and task interdependence related to fairness perceptions of work/family benefits. Specifically, younger workers, minorities, those who had used flexible work arrangements, and workers in jobs requiring a greater degree of task interdependence had more favorable perceptions concerning work/family benefits than did older workers, Caucasians, individuals who had not used flexible work arrangements, and those working in jobs requiring a lesser degree of task interdependence. Theoretical and practical implications of the study are discussed.

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Citation / Publisher Attribution

Journal of vocational behavior, v. 58, issue 3, p. 453-468.