Digging Deeper into the Shared Variance among Safety-related Climates: The Need for a General Safety Climate Measure
Organizational climate, safety climate, violence prevention climate, civility climate, workplace accidents, workplace mistreatment
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
We combined three independent streams of workplace climate research, safety, violence prevention, and civility, to devise a general safety climate scale that explicitly addressed a variety of risks. A confirmatory factor analysis suggested that a higher-order factor may be responsible for the similarity in relationships across these safety-related climate measures with exposure to organizational hazards and resulting employee outcomes. As a result, a concise 10-item measure was developed and validated to assess a possible general safety climate factor. Further analyses suggested that the use of a general safety climate measure did not attenuate the relationships with workplace hazards and employee outcomes. Although different safety-related climate variables may be theoretically distinct, there may not be a measurable benefit in promoting one form of climate over others. Future studies should consider employing the general safety climate measure in place of domain-specific climate measures, unless the domain-specific climate is solely of interest.
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Citation / Publisher Attribution
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, v. 24, issues 1-2, p. 38-46
Scholar Commons Citation
Hutchinson, Derek Michael; Andel, Stephanie A.; and Spector, Paul E., "Digging Deeper into the Shared Variance among Safety-related Climates: The Need for a General Safety Climate Measure" (2018). Psychology Faculty Publications. 2425.