Improving Prediction of Work Performance Through Frame-of-Reference Consistency: Empirical Evidence Using Openness to Experience

Document Type


Publication Date


Digital Object Identifier (DOI)



A work‐specific measure of openness to experience was compared with the general NEO PI‐R Openness scale for predicting supervisory ratings of creative performance at work. Results at the scale and facet levels indicated that the use of a consistent and criterion‐matched frame of reference improved validity of this personality construct for the prediction of work‐related creative problem solving. Scores from the Work‐specific Openness scale significantly predicted creative work performance, whereas scores from the general measure did not. Results also showed incremental validity of the Work‐specific scale over the NEO PI‐R scale. Evidence is mounting that specifying a work context for personality measures can increase validity for predicting job performance beyond that typically observed when using general scales.

Was this content written or created while at USF?


Citation / Publisher Attribution

International Journal of Selection and Assessment, v. 18, issue 2, p. 230-235