Behavioral Control of Exercise in Sedentary Adults: Studies 1 Through 6
social support, praise, feedback during exercise, goal setting, distraction-based cognitive strategies, adherence to exercise program, healthy sedentary adults
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Conducted 6 experiments with 143 healthy sedentary adults who had been unsuccessful in starting or maintaining an exercise regimen to identify behavioral and cognitive procedures that would enhance Ss' adherence to a 3 day/wk exercise (walking/jogging) program. Procedures evaluated included feedback and praise during exercise, various goal-setting strategies, lottery reinforcement, cognitive strategies during the exercise, and relapse-prevention training. Class attendance, exercise program adherence, and fitness data were collected, and self-reported 3-mo follow-up data were also obtained. Results suggest the importance of social support, feedback, and praise during exercise; flexibility in exercise-goal setting; and distraction-based cognitive strategies. Findings are integrated and discussed in terms of the importance and difficulties of shaping and maintaining exercise behaviors.
Was this content written or created while at USF?
Citation / Publisher Attribution
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, v. 52, issue 5, p. 795-811
Scholar Commons Citation
Martin, John E.; Dubbert, Patricia M.; Katell, Alan D.; Thompson, Joel K.; Raczynski, James R.; Lake, Mary; Smith, Patrick O.; Webster, Jeffrey S.; Sikora, Thomas; and Cohen, Randye E., "Behavioral Control of Exercise in Sedentary Adults: Studies 1 Through 6" (1984). Psychology Faculty Publications. 2076.