An Investigation of Appearance Motives for Tanning: The Development and Evaluation of the Physical Appearance Reasons for Tanning Scale (PARTS) and Its Relation to Sunbathing and Indoor Tanning Attentions

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UV exposure, Tanning, Body image, Scale development, Skin cancer

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Motives for UV exposure have been shown to be related to appearance concerns, yet little research has examined specific tan appearance attitudes. Given this lacuna, Study 1 involved the identification of six factors among college female tanners: general attractiveness, media influence, family/friends influence, physical fitness appearance, acne reasons, and skin aging concerns. In Study 2, a separate sample of college female tanners were used to validate a higher order factor model, which demonstrated acceptable fit. Additionally, the factors converged in the expected directions, with the general attractiveness and skin aging concerns being the best correlate of UV exposure and sun-protection intentions. The relevance of these findings to skin cancer prevention is discussed.

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Citation / Publisher Attribution

Body Image, v. 3, issue 3, p. 199 – 209