Towards an Understanding of Individual Differences in Episodic Memory: Modeling the Dynamics of Recognition Memory

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This chapter identifies different potential sources of variability in recognition memory performance and shows how they differentially impact performance. It investigates whether individual differences are due to random error or systematic factors, which influence the manner in which associative recognition is performed. While it is accepted that both random and systematic factors influence performance, little is known about the extent to which each is a contributor or how to discriminate between these sources of variability in memory performance. There are also likely to be different types of systematic influences on variability, and it is particularly important to consider that individuals might use different strategies to perform the same task in the same nominal situations. This chapter also describes several new models of accuracy and latency of associative recognition performance.

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The Psychology of Learning and Motivation, v. 48, p. 313-349