Positive Functioning: Does it Add Validity to Maladaptive Functioning Items?

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Maladaptive functioning, Positive functioning, Outcome measurement

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Examines whether indicators of positive functioning add validity to a previously validated maladaptive functioning index (VFI; [Evaluation Progm Plann. 21(1998) 263]). Twenty-nine face valid positive functioning items were selected from data on a clinical sample of 393 children between the ages of 12 and 17. Thirteen items were found to significantly predict either psychopathology, change in psychopathology, alternate methods of measuring functioning, and/or service utilization. Stepwise and hierarchical regressions were used to determine the relationship between the VFI and positive functioning and the aforementioned criteria. The positive functioning items were found to be mildly negatively correlated with the VFI but the VFI had superior criterion based and incremental validity. Further research and measurement development will be needed before it is recommended that program evaluators use positive functioning as an outcome of services.

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Citation / Publisher Attribution

Evaluation and Program Planning, v. 25, issue 1, p. 85-93