Turning Our Attention to Stigma: An Objective Self-Awareness Analysis of Stigma and Its Consequences
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Scholars have long debated stigma's effects on the psychological functioning of its targets, with some concluding that stigma does not harm self-esteem (Crocker & Major, 1989Crocker , J. , & Major , B. ( 1989 ). Social stigma and self-esteem: The self-protective properties of stigma .Psychological Review , 96 , 608 – 630 .[Crossref], [Web of Science ®], [Google Scholar]), and others taking the opposite stance. We propose a resolution to this debate by applying the theory of objective self-awareness (Duval & Wicklund, 1972Duval , S. , & Wicklund , R. A. ( 1972 ). A theory of objective self-awareness . New York , NY : Academic Press . [Google Scholar]) to the literature on the psychological consequences of stigma. We argue that public stigma has negative consequences when its targets focus objectively on their stigmatized status. Explicitly applying objective self-awareness theory to the stigma literature casts new light on past findings and suggests directions for future research.
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Citation / Publisher Attribution
Basic and Applied Social Psychology, v. 35, issue 1, p. 55-63
Scholar Commons Citation
Pinel, Elizabeth C. and Bosson, Jennifer K., "Turning Our Attention to Stigma: An Objective Self-Awareness Analysis of Stigma and Its Consequences" (2013). Psychology Faculty Publications. 1155.