Title

Novel Rubidium Poly-nitrogen Materials at High Pressure

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2017

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5004416

Abstract

First-principles crystal structure search is performed to predict novel rubidium poly-nitrogen materials at high pressure by varying the stoichiometry, i.e., relative quantities of the constituent rubidium and nitrogen atoms. Three compounds of high nitrogen content, RbN5, RbN2, and Rb4N6, are discovered. Rubidium pentazolate (RbN5) becomes thermodynamically stable at pressures above 30 GPa. The charge transfer from Rb to N atoms enables aromaticity in cyclo-N5−" role="presentation" style="display: inline; line-height: normal; word-spacing: normal; overflow-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; max-height: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border: 0px; padding: 0px; margin: 0px; position: relative;">N−5N5− while increasing the ionic bonding in the crystal. Rubidium pentazolate can be synthesized by compressing rubidium azide (RbN3) and nitrogen (N2) precursors above 9.42 GPa, and its experimental discovery is aided by calculating the Raman spectrum and identifying the features attributed to N5−" role="presentation" style="display: inline; line-height: normal; word-spacing: normal; overflow-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; max-height: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border: 0px; padding: 0px; margin: 0px; position: relative;">N−5N5− modes. The two other interesting compounds, RbN2 containing infinitely long single-bonded nitrogen chains and Rb4N6 consisting of single-bonded N6 hexazine rings, become thermodynamically stable at pressures exceeding 60 GPa. In addition to the compounds with high nitrogen content, Rb3N3, a new compound with 1:1 RbN stoichiometry containing bent N3 azides is found to exist at high pressures.

Was this content written or created while at USF?

Yes

Citation / Publisher Attribution

The Journal of Chemical Physics, v. 147, issue 23, art. 234701

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