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Patient‐specific SRS QA

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A commercial semi‐empirical volumetric dose verification system (PerFraction [PF], Sun Nuclear Corp.) extracts multi‐leaf collimator positions from the electronic portal imaging device movies collected during a pre‐treatment run, while the rest of the delivered control point information is harvested from the accelerator log files. This combination is used to reconstruct dose on a patient CT dataset with a fast superposition/convolution algorithm. The method was validated for single‐isocenter multi‐target SRS VMAT treatments against absolute radiochromic film measurements in a cylindrical phantom. The targets ranged in size from 0.8 to 3.6 cm and in number from 3 to 10 per plan. A total of 17 films rotated at different angles around the cylinder axis were analyzed. Each of 27 total targets was intercepted by at least one film, and 2–4 different films were analyzed per plan. Film dose was always scaled to the ion chamber measurement in a high‐dose, low‐gradient area deliberately created at the isocenter. The planar dose agreement between PF and film using 3%(Global dose‐difference normalization)/1 mm gamma analysis was on average 99.2 ± 1.1%. The point dose difference in the low‐gradient area in the middle of every target was below 3%, while PF‐reconstructed and film dose centroids for individual targets showed submillimeter agreement when measured on a well aligned accelerator. Volumetrically, all voxels in all plans agreed between PF and the primary treatment planning system at the 3%/1 mm level. With proper understanding of its advantages and shortcomings, the tool can be applied to patient‐specific QA in routine radiosurgical clinical practice.

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Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics, v. 19, issue 5, p. 651-658