Title

Confinement Effects on the Solar Thermal Heating Process of TiN Nanoparticle Solutions

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2019

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

https://doi.org/10.1039/C9CP03571K

Abstract

We propose a theoretical approach to describe quantitatively the heating process in aqueous solutions of dispersed TiN nanoparticles under solar illumination. The temperature gradients of the solution with different concentrations of the TiN nanoparticles are calculated when confinement effects of the container on the solar absorption are taken into account. We find that the average penetration of solar radiation into the solution is significantly reduced upon increasing the nanoparticle concentration. At high concentrations, our numerical results show that photons are localized near the surface of the solution. Moreover, the heat energy balance equation at the vapor–liquid interface is used to describe the solar steam generation. The theoretical time dependence of temperature rise and vaporization weight losses is consistent with experiments. Our calculations give strong evidence that the substantially localized heating near the vapor–liquid interface is the main reason for the more efficient steam generation process by floating plasmonic membranes when compared to randomly dispersed nanoparticles. The validated theoretical model suggests that our approach can be applied towards new predictions and other experimental data descriptions.

Was this content written or created while at USF?

Yes

Citation / Publisher Attribution

Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, v. 21, p. 19915-19921

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